Hair Extension Specialist
── fusion bond aftercare ──
everything you need to know about
looking after your fusion bonds
fusion bond aftercare
Hair Extensions are a commitment and require additional time dedicated to aftercare. This will ensure your natural hair also remains in healthy condition during wear.
Following our recommended guidelines will ensure problem free wear and extend the lifespan of your hair extensions.
Establishing a good aftercare routine is key so looking after your extensions will become second nature.
Fusion bonds have a keratin bond which hold the extension strands together and fuse to the hair holding the extension in place thus 'fusing' them together.
Incorrect aftercare will cause the bonds to break down over time and the hair will shed from the tip.
Your newly fitted extensions should not feel uncomfortable or painful as they are fitted the correct distance from the scalp to allow free movement of your natural hair.
After installation occasionally clients report their head feels 'itchy'. Not everyone will experience this, but it is perfectly normal and generally settles down within the first week.
If you have any concerns please feel free to contact us.
You must wait a minimum of 24 hours after fitting to allow bonds to fully harden, the extensions to settle and the scalp to rest before shampooing.
natural hair loss
Natural hair loss is normal and part of the hair growth cycle.
On average you lose between 50 - 150 hairs a day, These are the hairs you find in your hairbrush, collecting in the plughole on your shoulders etc.
Your hair will go through different cycles continuously throughout the head.
Your cycle my change or be interrupted at any time caused by many factors such as stress, hormonal changes, diet, medication changes, illness, pregnancy or menopause.
We monitor and document any changes during your extension wear. Should you experience any adverse changes we will make you aware and make recommendations for medical referral if felt necessary. Will will also not refit your extensions until these changes have settled or resolved.
the health of your natural hair & scalp is always our priority.
during wear / hair growth
Your natural hair will continue to grow whilst wearing your extensions. The rate of growth will vary client to client.
As a result your attachments will move further downtime head away from the scalp. Your hair will also continue its natural shedding cycle. The hairs which would usually be found in your hair brush or plughole will remain trapped inside the lock.
These shed hairs can be recognised as loose sprouts of unattached hair with a tiny white dot on the end.
This is NORMAL and no cause for alarm.
Fusion bonds are worn for a longer period of time than other methods so it is normal and expected to experience some strand loss during wear.
Remember to keep any strands you lose if you intend to have your extensions retipped and refitted.
Any strands lost within the first 4 weeks will be refitted free of charge. (Provided recommended aftercare products are being used)
Poor aftercare & incorrect use of products is the main cause of higher strand loss.
Hard Water has a higher pH level which can attribute to attachment breakdown.
Hair Extensions which have an adhesive bond are at the most risk.
Isopryl Alcohol is the ingredient of most removal solutions and has a similar pH value. to hard water,. Although in a more dilute form, over time can lead to attachment deterioration.
This can be combatted by ensuring a pH balancing shampoo and conditioner are used to neutralise the effects.
* By beginning at the ends this prevents pulling and dragging knots and tangles through the entire length preventing excessive strain on the hair and scalp
Pictured here is the Abigail Nicholls Hair Extension Brush
All the Abigail Nicholls aftercare products are available to purchase ins alon or via our online SHOP
We recommend only shampooing a maximum of 3 times a week to prevent the bonds breaking down.
Brush hair before washing.
A ''Top Wash' can also be performed. This involves sectioning off and tying back your hair extensions and only washing the extension free top and fringe area to keep your hair looking and feeling fresh.
* Dry shampoo can be used between shampoos. But only recommended for use in the top section of the natural hair and perimeter edges.
Dry shampoo is alcohol based and overuse can be drying on the scalp and block hair follicles. The powder can accumulate on the top of the bonds leading to breakdown.
It also sits in the natural shed hair and can 'bind' it together taking longer to remove at refits / removals.
*The Abigail Nicholls Shampoo Brush is made from a gentle but firm silicone which resemble several finger tips in the palm of the hand. Its gentle massaging feature achieves optimum effect from the shampoo achieving a deep clean whilst stimulating blood flow, ensuring delivery of vital nutrients to the hair follicle which promotes healthy hair growth.
All Abigail Nicholls product range can be purchased in salon or via our online SHOP
Always condition hair after shampooing.
Some conditioners contain heavy silicones which can cause heavy build up on the hair causing it to be lank and 'clump' together, so always use the recommended Abigail Nicholls Plush Hair Extension conditioners
NEVER apply conditioner to the root area as this will cause the extensions to slide out.
*If the top of the natural hair requires conditioning, section this off and rinse by leaning this section forward to prevent conditioner seeping onto attachments.
*Once a week use the Abigail Nicholls Lavish intense deep conditioning treatment as this will extend the longevity of your extensions and keep your natural hair in healthy condition during wear.
All the Abigail Nicholls aftercare products can be purchased in salon or via our online SHOP
Do not leave wrapped in towel for a prolonged period of time as this can lead to matting.
Never tie the hair up or go to bed when the hair is wet as this will cause matting
Mini Tips will go soft inside the ring and begin to shed if the root area is not dried thoroughly..
Only a low - medium heat setting should be used on the root area. It is essential to finish with the cool shot
*If you intend to leave the extensions to dry naturally you must always dry the root area first.
For faster drying of longer lengths we recommend the Abigail Nicholls Flow-Dry Brush
All our brushes can be purchased in salon or in our online SHOP
separating the attachments
To prevent the individual strands becoming tangled with the neighbouring strand it is important to separate the strands once a week to prevent matting.
We offer a maintenance service which will trim away the natural shed hair helping to prevent the strands tangling with each other.
Good daily brushing will prevent root tangling & matting.
If an unmanageable matt has formed contact the salon to book a maintenance appointment.
heated styling tools
Your extensions are 100% Human Hair and can be heat styled just as you would your natural hair.
You must be vigilant to not allow the bonds to come into contact with heat tools as they will melt the bond.
Using a leave in conditioner and hair oil will act as heat protection and help to remoisturise the hair.
You can also use a specific heat protection but you must check the ingredients do not contain the sunscreen Avobenzone as this will lead to discolouration in blond extensions. (See Holiday Aftercare)
Styling products can be used but ensure the root area and attachments are avoided.
Be sure to check the ingredient list for the sunscreen Avobenzone which is commonly used in products with UV filters and heat protection products.s this will lead to discolouration in blond hair.
Please refer to Holiday Aftercare for more info on Avobenzone and other names it it is listed as.
Tie hair in a loose, low ponytail or plait. (Plaits also produce nice waves for the next day) using a silk scrunchie.
We advise to sleep on a high momme pure mulberry silk pillowcase or hair turban.
Silk does not pull moisture from the skin or hair and is kinder to the cuticle.
Silk products are available to purchase in Abigail Nicholls, The Silk Collection.
NEVER go to bed with wet hair as this will lead to matting and break down the bonds.
Hair extensions are cut using a completely different technique than natural hair, so always return to your hair extension specialist to perform this for you.
Having your extensions trimmed during wear will help keep them in pristine, healthy condition.
colouring your natural hair
Your extensions are fitted at least 1cm away from the root to allow free movement of your natural hair.
As your natural hair grows your attachments will move further from the scalp. This will allow for a root tint to be applied provided the attachments are totally avoided. This however cannot be done with bleach as this swells and may seep into the attachment.
The most recommended time to have your colour service is at you refit appointment to allow the extensions to be fully removed.
If you have your colour service performed on the same day as your extensions fitted please be aware that you may experience higher strand loss during wear.
We strongly recommend waiting 48 hours before your extensions are refitted.
colour fade & colouring your extensions
Hair Extensions undergo colour processing during manufacture.
The hair when it is selected at source is Virgin Hair, meaning it has never undergone a chemical process.
The hair begins at a very dark shade from black to dark brown.
It is gently lifted to lighter shades (sometimes over weeks) and then coloured down to the required shade.
This is to ensure all batches are the same as the colour selected from the colour rings.
If you colour your natural hair you will have regular root retouches and the colour will be taken through the lengths to freshen the colour from fading and ensure the colour is the same throughout.
All the brands we use are chosen for the longevity of wear and the same applies. If your extensions last for more than 12 months its natural to expect that over time the colour of your extensions will fade depending on what it has been exposed to:
Hard Water discolouration due to mineral deposits is different to colour fade (see Holiday Aftercare for Hard water Discolouration)
However Hard Water creates a pH imbalance causing the cuticle to raise, thus resulting in faster colour fade allowing the colour deposits to stripped from the hair faster.
Also the use of '"No Tears" formula childrens / baby shampoo will accelerate colour fade as these have a higher pH level as above.
Blonde extensions will need maintaining to prevent brassy tones appearing. Using our recommended Blue Shampoo once a week will help prevent this.
Some blondes may require a toner to maintain tone.
Ash shades will gradually throw off warmer tones due to the underlying colour (remember extensions are coloured down in shade)
Using our recommended Blue Shampoo will help maintain tone, however a professional toner may be required over time.
*Colouring of extensions is always done at own risk, even if performed by a professional.
*Colouring your extensions invalidate any manufacturer guarantees as this changes the structure of the original product
*We always recommend a test strand before colouring the extensions to assess final result
*Extensions can be coloured down in shade or tone but we do not recommend attempting to lift them.
This image sis a perfect example, The same client with her weft at 6 months and on removal at 12 months. It originally was a dark brown matching the weft top.
This client did not have her weft coloured during wear as she was happy with the ombre / balayage effect it created.
She also did not use our recommended aftercare products which help prevent colour fade.
This image is also a perfect demonstration of a neat application, good aftercare ensures a neat, easy to maintain growth, here the Lock Stitch is clearly visible and intact.
Tie hair up. Not tightly or very high on top of the head as this risks pulling on the strands in the lower nape area.
If head becomes wet due to sweat wash and dry thoroughly after.
This client is wearing a full head of Ultra Tips and the attachments are not visible.
sunbeds / saunas / steam rooms
Wrap dry hair in a hair turban to protect. hair and attachments.
Hair continuously exposed to UV light will experience colour change over time.
swimming / hot tub / jacuzzi
You can swim whilst wearing hair extensions but strict aftercare guidelines must be followed.
Also applies to regular use of a hot tub
*Please click link to see full Swimming Aftercare guide.
holiday aftercare / sunscreen / discolouration
Please see Holiday Guidelines for full explanation.
Blonde hair extensions may experience orange / pink discolouration even if you haven't travelled abroad.
This can be caused by 4 factors:
You must return for your removal / refit within the timescale recommended to you.
When your extensions are initially fitted they have 100% support sections safely holding the weight of the extensions.
As your hair continues to grow and naturally shed there is less support from the hair at the root / scalp over time.
Your refits and removals are recommended within a timescale based on your personal requirements, to ensure that there is no risk of the weight of your extensions pulling the remaining support hairs from the scalp
Extension attachments also become more visible and harder to
No liability is accepted for damage occurring from self removal or carried out by third parties including other extensionists and salons.
Matting occurs due to poor aftercare or not returning for your refits / removal during the recommended time. This will mean an excess of natural shed hair which can become entangled with the natural hair and neighbouring shed hair.
Matting is one of the primary causes of damage to the natural hair.
This is due to the hairs being pulled in from all directions and twisted and caught within the matt.
Tying hair up and going to bed with wet hair will cause matting.
Not separating the attachments regularly and not brushing the root area correctly also cause matting.
If you can feel a matt forming deal with it immediately.
If it is not manageable book a maintenance appointment ASAP
Hard Water has a high pH value causing the cuticle to raise, this can result in the outer layer being 'roughened" which can also be a contributing factor to matting.
(Please see 'Holiday Aftercare" for further info on Hard Water effects.
Unfortunately bad matting can only be removed by removing the extensions so please be meticulous in your aftercare routine.
We offer a range of Aftercare products all designed specifically for Hair Extensions.
You will be advised on the products most suited to your personal requirements.
Please click here to view the full range.